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Reasons for Electrode Accidents in Submerged Arc Furnace Open the blog

Electrode accidents are common accidents in ferroalloy and calcium carbide enterprises smelting with submerged arc furnaces. The cause analysis and judgment of electrode accidents are accurate. Targeted preventive measures can be taken to reduce the occurrence of electrode accidents. However, since the analysis of electrode accidents is disturbed by multiple factors of electrode paste suppliers and electrode paste users, objective evidence recognized by both parties is required to accurately determine the cause of electrode accidents, The cross-section of the electrode is good objective evidence, so the analysis of the cross-section of the electrode is of great significance. Segregation of electrode paste, resulting in stratification of aggregate and powder 1. Section state: there is obvious particle delamination and segregation on the section of the electrode. According to the size and cross-section of the radiation heat source for electrode baking, there are two situations: one is the accumulation of granular materials along the outer ring of the electrode, and the other is the accumulation of granular materials in the middle of the electrode. 2. Other phenomena: the flow coefficient of electrode paste is greater than 2.0, and the elongation is greater than 40. 3. Cause analysis: the popularity of electrode paste is too good, resulting in particle segregation. The local strength of the electrode with more aggregate is low, which is easy to be broken by an external force. The electrode with more powder is easy to be broken by its own internal stress. The reason for two different aggregate accumulations is different sintering methods. There are too many or too long ribs in the electrode cylinder, which is common in the new furnace 1. Section status: the section blossoms along the ribs. 2. Other phenomena: the electrode paste test indicators are normal, and there are many phenomena of the falling valve, bifurcation, and turning around after the furnace is opened. 3. Cause analysis: in the case of a new furnace startup, it is generally the problem with the ribs of the electrode cylinder. Too many, too dense, or too long ribs will cause the electrode paste to be separated into too many small pieces, and the overall strength of the electrode will become lower. In addition, the electrode will fall and crack if the opening method on the ribs is wrong or the opening is too small. The electrode paste has no fluidity or its fluidity is too low. The judgment basis is that the plasticity value of the electrode paste is lower than 5%. 1. Section state: there are obvious holes in the section, and the shape of electrode paste is faintly visible. 2. Other phenomena: the flow coefficient of electrode paste is lower than 1.0, and the plasticity value is lower than 2.0. 3. Cause analysis: the fluidity coefficient of the electrode paste is not good, which can not fill all the space of the electrode cylinder, forming a hole and hanging paste phenomenon, reducing the overall strength of the electrode. Poor thermal shock resistance of electrode paste 1. Section status: the section is flat. 2. Other phenomena: the current changes greatly before electrode disconnection, and others are normal. 3. Cause analysis: the current fluctuation will cause the difference in resistance heat in each part of the electrode itself, which will cause certain internal stress in the electrode, and cracks will occur when the thermal shock resistance of the electrode paste is poor. In the process of electrode baking, too fast a sintering speed will also increase the temperature difference between the inside and outside of the electrode. When there is no bifurcation under the longitudinal crack on the electrode section, it can generally be judged that the thermal shock resistance of the electrode paste is poor. Isolation of foreign objects 1. Section status: flat, visible foreign body shape. 2. Other phenomena: there are foreign matters in the electrode paste, the electrode cylinder has no cover, and the workshop dust is large. 3. Cause analysis: the foreign matters cut off the normal flow of electrode paste, so that the upper and lower electrodes of the foreign matters can not be sintered as a whole, and the electrode strength is reduced, resulting in fracture Black core soft fracture 1. Section state: the periphery of the electrode section is flat, and the middle circle protrudes or drops. 2. Others: electrode sintering is slow, others are normal. 3. Cause analysis: the electrode sintering is slow, and the sintering center around the electrode out of the holder is not sintered. The sintered electrode has low strength, and it is easy to break when it is impacted by an external force. There is a problem with the burden ratio, low carbon content and low slag alkalinity 1. Section state: that the working end of the electrode is severely eroded and forked, and the electrode is obviously thinner from top to bottom. 2. Other phenomena: electrode paste test is normal, the electric furnace temperature is low, the output is small, and electrode insertion is too deep. 3. Cause analysis: the furnace charge is short of carbon, the dissolved material erodes the electrode seriously, the overall strength of the thinner electrode decreases, and it is easy to break when it is impacted by external forces. The poor oxidation resistance of electrode paste 1. Section state: the electrode is obviously thinner and the side oxidation is serious. 2. Other phenomena: the submerged arc furnace operates normally without water leakage, and there is no change in the use of the fan and no power failure. 3. Cause analysis: the oxidation resistance of the electrode paste is poor. Excessive oxidation will make the electrode thinner, and the overall strength of the electrode will be reduced. It is easy to break when it is impacted by external forces. The judgment of poor oxidation resistance of the electrode paste and the erosion of carbon deficiency on the electrode is that the factor of carbon deficiency is larger when the material is thinner under the material surface, and the poor oxidation resistance of the electrode paste when the material is thinner on the material surface. There are many complex reasons for the soft and hard breaking accidents of the submerged arc furnace electrode. It is impossible to comprehensively analyze the causes of the accident from the section alone. Therefore, before analyzing the causes, it is necessary to ensure that the test indicators of the electrode paste are qualified, especially the strength. Only the electrode paste with qualified strength is necessary to analyze the electrode section. The amount of information provided by the electrode section can also objectively reflect what happens to the electrode during the sintering process, Thus, a method for analyzing electrode accidents is provided. If you are interested in the submerged arc furnace, please contact me freely. Email: [email protected]; [email protected] WeChat: +8618392033938 Website: www.hanrm.com; www.hanmetallurgy.com


Metallurgy World Open the blog

We are the manufacturer of Steel Rolling Mill, Wire Rod Mill, TMT Rebar Mill, Electric Arc Furnace, Flying Shear, Continuous Casting Machine, and spare parts. we can supply designing, manufacturing, installation, and commissioning of the equipment with "turn-key" service. We can also design, manufacture and revamp other non-standard equipment according to the requirements of users. Free mail to [email protected] or [email protected] for your melt shop and rolling mill plant Solution.




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Last Updated: 04/27/23